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Vol. 89. Núm. 2.
Páginas 116-123 (Março - Abril 2013)
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Vol. 89. Núm. 2.
Páginas 116-123 (Março - Abril 2013)
ARTIGO DE REVISÃO
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedp.2012.10.001
Open Access
Influence of family environment on children's oral health: a systematic review
Visitas
955
Aline Rogéria Freire de Castilhoa,
Autor para correspondência
acastilho@usp.br

Corresponding author.
, Fábio Luiz Mialheb, Taís de Souza Barbosac, Regina Maria Puppin-Rontanid
a Doutora em Odontopediatria, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Bauru, SP, Brasil
b Doutor, Professor-associado, Departamento de Odontologia Infantil, Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
c Doutora em Odontologia Pediátrica, Departamento de Odontologia Infantil, Faculdade de Odontologia Pediátrica de Piracicaba, UNICAMP, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
d Doutora, Professora Titular, Departamento de Odontologia Infantil, Faculdade de Odontologia Pediátrica de Piracicaba, UNICAMP, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
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Estatísticas
Abstract
Objective

To review current models and scientific evidence on the influence of parents’ oral health behaviors on their children's dental caries.

Sources

MEDLINE articles published between 1980 and June, 2012. Original research articles on parents’ oral health behavior were reviewed. A total of 218 citations were retrieved, and 13 articles were included in the analysis. The studies were eligible for review if they matched the following inclusion criteria: (1) they evaluated a possible association between dental caries and parents’ oral-health-related behaviors, and (2) the study methodology included oral clinical examination. The main search terms were “oral health”, “parental attitudes”, “parental knowledge”, and “dental caries”. Summary of the findings: 13 experimental studies contributed data to the synthesis. Original articles, reviews, and chapters in textbooks were also considered.

Conclusion

Parents’ dental health habits influence their children's oral health. Oral health education programs aimed at preventive actions are needed to provide children not only with adequate oral health, but better quality of life. Special attention should be given to the entire family, concerning their lifestyle and oral health habits.

Palavras chave:
Atitutes dos pais
Conhecimento dos pais
Saúde bucal
Cáries dentárias
Keywords:
Parental attitudes
Parental knowledge
Oral health
Dental caries
Resumo
Objetivo

Envolver modelos atuais e comprovações científicas sobre a influência de comportamentos de saúde bucal dos pais na cárie dentária de suas crianças.

Fontes

Artigos do MEDLINE publicados entre 1980 e junho de 2012. Foram analisados artigos de pesquisa originais tratando do comportamento dos pais quanto à saúde bucal. Um total de 218 citações foi analisado e 13 artigos foram incluídos na análise. Os estudos foram considerados elegíveis para análise se atendessem aos seguintes critérios de inclusão: (1) avaliassem uma possível associação entre cáries dentárias e o comportamento dos pais relacionado à saúde bucal; e (2) se a metodologia do estudo incluísse exame clínico bucal. Os principais termos de pesquisa foram “saúde bucal”, “atitudes dos pais”, “conhecimento dos pais” e “cáries dentárias”.

Resumo dos achados

Ao todo, 13 estudos experimentais contribuíram com dados para a síntese. Também foram considerados trabalhos, revisões e capítulos originais em livros didáticos.

Conclusão

Os hábitos de saúde dental dos pais influenciam a saúde bucal de seus filhos. São necessários programas de educação em saúde bucal com ações preventivas para proporcionar não apenas saúde bucal adequada às crianças, mas também uma melhor qualidade de vida. Deve ser dada atenção especial a toda a família, com relação a seu estilo de vida e hábitos relacionados à saúde bucal.

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Como citar este artigo: de Castilho AR, Mialhe FL, Barbosa TS, Puppin-Rontani RM. Influence of family environment on children's oral health: a systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013;89:116−23.

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