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Vol. 89. Núm. 3.
Páginas 226-242 (Maio - Junho 2013)
ARTIGO DE REVISÃO
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedp.2012.11.002
Open Access
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: Recent advances in pathophysiology and treatment
Hipertensão pulmonar persistente neonatal: recentes avanços na fisiopatologia e tratamento
Visitas
6348
Joaquim E.B. Cabrala,
Autor para correspondência
dr.jcabral@terra.com.br

Corresponding author.
, Jaques Belikb
a Neonatologista. Hospital São Luiz, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
b Neonatologista. Professor of Pediatrics and Physiology, University of Toronto, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canadá
Este item recebeu
6348
Visitas

Under a Creative Commons license
Informação do artigo
Abstract
Objectives

Although recognized for decades, little is known about the etiology, physiopathology, and prevention of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). and its treatment remains a major challenge for neonatologists. In this review, the clinical features and physiopathology of the syndrome will be addressed, as well as its general and specific treatments.

Data source

A review was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and MRei consult databases, searching for articles related to the syndrome and published between 1995 and 2011.

Data synthesis

Risk factors and the physiopathological mechanisms of the syndrome are discussed. The clinical picture depends on the different factors involved, which are probably related to the etiology and physiopathological mechanisms. In addition to the measures used to allow the decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance after birth, some cases will require pulmonary vasodilators. Although nitric oxide has proved effective, other vasodilators have been recently used, but clinical evidence is still lacking to demonstrate their benefits in the treatment of PPHN.

Conclusions

Despite recent technological advances and new physiopathological knowledge, mortality associated with PPHN remains at 10%. More clinical research and evidence-based experimental results are needed to prevent, treat, and reduce the morbidity/mortality associated with this neonatal syndrome.

Keywords:
Pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary vasodilators
Nitric oxide
Resumo
Objetivos

: Embora reconhecida há décadas, ainda pouco se sabe a respeito da etiologia, fisiopatologia e prevenção da hipertensão pulmonar persistente neonatal (HPPN), e seu tratamento continua a ser um grande desafio para os neonatologistas. Nesta revisão, vamos abordar as características clínicas e os mecanismos fisiopatológicos da síndrome, assim como seu tratamento geral e específico.

Fontes de dados

Fizemos uma revisão nas bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane Library e MRei Consult, procurando por artigos relacionados à síndrome e publicados entre 1995 e 2011.

Síntese de dados

São discutidos os fatores de risco e os mecanismos fisiopatológicos da síndrome. O quadro clínico depende dos diferentes fatores envolvidos, que provavelmen- te estão relacionados com a etiologia e o mecanismo fisiopatológico. Além das medidas utilizadas para permitir a queda da resistência vascular pulmonar após o nascimento, alguns casos necessitam de vasodilatadores pulmonares. Embora o óxido nítrico tenha se provado efetivo, recentemente, outros vasodilatadores têm sido usados, mas ainda faltam evidências clínicas para comprovar seus benefícios no tratamento da HPPN.

Conclusões

Apesar dos recentes avanços tecnológicos e dos novos conhecimentos fisio- patológicos, a mortalidade associada à HPPN ainda é de 10%. São necessárias mais pes- quisas clínicas e resultados experimentais baseados em evidências para prevenir, tratar e reduzir a morbimortalidade associada a esta síndrome neonatal.

Palavras chave:
Hipertensão pulmonar
Vasodilatadores pulmonares
Óxido nítrico
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Como citar este artigo: Cabral JE, Belik J. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: recent advances in pathophysiology and treatment. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013;89:226–42.

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